Emergences by year—Study summary

 

This study includes 812 cases

Requested information:

Number of cases, Days in chapter 11, Assets, Employees, Annual sales, Debtors’ names

Study results

Emergences by year


Number of cases

 Emergences by year Frequency Percentage
  1982
0.3% 
  1983
0.5% 
  1984
0.6% 
  1985
1.0% 
  1986
1.1% 
  1987
0.9% 
  1988
1.0% 
  1989
11  1.4% 
  1990
11  1.4% 
  1991
14  1.7% 
  1992
37  4.6% 
  1993
33  4.1% 
  1994
20  2.5% 
  1995
12  1.5% 
  1996
12  1.5% 
  1997
15  1.9% 
  1998
11  1.4% 
  1999
22  2.7% 
  2000
25  3.1% 
  2001
37  4.6% 
  2002
56  6.9% 
  2003
53  6.5% 
  2004
32  3.9% 
  2005
25  3.1% 
  2006
16  2.0% 
  2007
20  2.5% 
  2008
11  1.4% 
  2009
42  5.2% 
  2010
39  4.8% 
  2011
13  1.6% 
  2012
21  2.6% 
  2013
22  2.7% 
  2014
1.0% 
  2015
1.0% 
  2016
30  3.7% 
  2017
27  3.3% 
  2018
17  2.1% 
  2019
14  1.7% 
  2020
48  5.9% 
  2021
0.9% 
  Total 812  100% 

Days in chapter 11

 Emergences by year Mean Median St. Dev. Frequency
  1982
897  898  202 
  1983
898  975  287 
  1984
663  765  226 
  1985
1,049  1,078  325 
  1986
754  865  449 
  1987
952  693  560 
  1988
761  817  328 
  1989
833  599  566  11 
  1990
730  534  514  11 
  1991
377  308  284  14 
  1992
409  392  320  37 
  1993
496  399  482  33 
  1994
660  418  656  20 
  1995
585  475  588  12 
  1996
645  451  647  12 
  1997
428  403  379  14 
  1998
477  145  689  11 
  1999
421  229  494  22 
  2000
463  304  389  25 
  2001
361  343  221  37 
  2002
428  318  522  56 
  2003
463  308  413  53 
  2004
444  346  321  32 
  2005
646  365  745  25 
  2006
804  544  698  16 
  2007
690  544  673  20 
  2008
447  177  438  11 
  2009
312  229  297  42 
  2010
341  320  252  39 
  2011
385  353  270  13 
  2012
516  308  835  21 
  2013
211  124  195  22 
  2014
195  137  174 
  2015
253  232  175 
  2016
163  122  120  30 
  2017
219  167  169  27 
  2018
331  166  469  17 
  2019
180  143  164  14 
  2020
138  110  107  48 
  2021
157  196  107 
  Total 433  294  472  811 

Assets (in millions, current dollars)

 Emergences by year Mean Median St. Dev. Frequency
  1982
917  918  340 
  1983
2,405  2,388  1,351 
  1984
1,555  765  1,432 
  1985
935  741  524 
  1986
4,717  1,965  7,319 
  1987
1,438  583  1,091 
  1988
11,141  1,135  26,830 
  1989
1,095  660  929  11 
  1990
2,557  1,166  2,994  11 
  1991
1,764  820  2,507  14 
  1992
2,627  947  5,261  37 
  1993
1,980  908  2,822  33 
  1994
1,586  714  1,802  20 
  1995
4,108  982  5,540  12 
  1996
1,021  709  826  12 
  1997
1,196  553  1,334  15 
  1998
1,803  818  3,385  11 
  1999
1,549  721  1,996  22 
  2000
1,216  744  1,120  25 
  2001
1,287  612  1,566  37 
  2002
2,513  1,493  3,144  56 
  2003
7,754  1,049  24,024  53 
  2004
4,423  778  16,901  32 
  2005
3,033  622  6,560  25 
  2006
4,570  1,019  8,746  16 
  2007
6,274  868  10,293  20 
  2008
3,219  1,119  6,052  11 
  2009
7,349  817  22,397  42 
  2010
4,736  1,423  8,010  39 
  2011
983  577  984  13 
  2012
3,984  1,202  5,943  21 
  2013
1,967  1,022  1,925  22 
  2014
2,063  1,916  1,405 
  2015
2,171  850  2,915 
  2016
2,203  1,663  2,259  30 
  2017
3,190  1,349  3,768  27 
  2018
4,981  1,221  9,826  17 
  2019
2,948  1,490  3,328  14 
  2020
4,763  1,915  11,650  48 
  2021
6,624  2,315  6,721 
  Total 3,525  1,053  10,592  812 

Employees

 Emergences by year Mean Median St. Dev. Frequency
  1982
4,708  4,708  517 
  1983
6,071  6,043  4,205 
  1984
14,890  8,800  13,791 
  1985
3,486  3,041  2,398 
  1986
8,259  5,454  8,193 
  1987
4,232  1,900  4,934 
  1988
9,529  2,386  16,379 
  1989
2,805  2,740  1,924  11 
  1990
5,988  5,300  3,501  11 
  1991
8,205  4,358  11,743  14 
  1992
9,774  4,100  13,914  37 
  1993
9,474  4,500  12,572  33 
  1994
9,091  4,200  11,068  20 
  1995
6,446  3,865  6,968  12 
  1996
4,936  4,650  3,766  12 
  1997
12,451  3,445  23,547  14 
  1998
3,318  1,850  4,336  11 
  1999
8,130  3,207  12,364  22 
  2000
4,688  2,700  5,982  25 
  2001
7,433  3,434  12,580  37 
  2002
8,172  3,445  13,465  56 
  2003
12,582  3,181  35,315  52 
  2004
4,596  2,564  6,278  32 
  2005
5,877  3,475  5,184  25 
  2006
17,914  7,200  26,778  16 
  2007
14,067  4,503  19,507  20 
  2008
28,354  5,800  51,293  11 
  2009
13,673  3,350  38,709  42 
  2010
6,575  3,650  7,823  38 
  2011
6,776  2,700  12,419  13 
  2012
5,294  1,800  9,999  21 
  2013
3,695  2,700  3,964  22 
  2014
3,221  1,613  3,576 
  2015
4,311  2,750  4,501 
  2016
2,854  1,312  3,483  30 
  2017
3,576  908  6,442  27 
  2018
4,771  1,800  5,179  17 
  2019
4,747  2,256  7,473  14 
  2020
8,453  1,920  15,988  48 
  2021
4,057  3,945  2,577 
  Total 8,056  3,173  18,075  809 

Annual sales (in millions, current dollars)

 Emergences by year Mean Median St. Dev. Frequency
  1982
1,337  1,337  394 
  1983
1,464  823  1,388 
  1984
3,850  1,822  3,549 
  1985
879  554  746 
  1986
3,608  3,546  3,281 
  1987
774  331  774 
  1988
10,253  775  25,079 
  1989
655  752  425  11 
  1990
1,426  1,043  929  11 
  1991
1,840  688  4,078  14 
  1992
1,636  901  2,407  37 
  1993
2,540  1,069  4,047  33 
  1994
1,704  1,275  1,820  20 
  1995
1,776  681  2,000  12 
  1996
942  777  721  12 
  1997
1,342  724  1,441  14 
  1998
822  371  1,017  11 
  1999
1,807  739  2,440  22 
  2000
1,084  921  1,093  25 
  2001
947  602  991  37 
  2002
1,290  891  1,226  56 
  2003
4,074  891  10,286  53 
  2004
6,527  844  26,254  32 
  2005
1,719  880  2,000  25 
  2006
4,531  2,007  6,087  16 
  2007
4,108  1,280  5,473  20 
  2008
5,442  2,287  10,443  11 
  2009
6,318  1,113  27,749  42 
  2010
3,752  1,254  10,065  39 
  2011
652  405  600  13 
  2012
1,786  479  2,626  21 
  2013
1,173  617  1,499  22 
  2014
843  391  833 
  2015
1,504  762  1,728 
  2016
1,070  677  1,062  30 
  2017
1,329  586  1,652  27 
  2018
1,368  1,168  1,513  17 
  2019
2,664  638  3,975  14 
  2020
2,236  989  3,285  48 
  2021
2,614  1,517  2,696 
  Total 2,533  879  9,745  811 

Debtors’ names

 Emergences by year  Debtor name
 1982  McLouth Steel Corp.
 1982  Penn-Dixie Industries, Inc.
 1983  Braniff International Corp. (1982)
 1983  Combustion Equipment Associates, Inc.
 1983  Itel Corporation
 1983  White Motor Corp.
 1984  Air Florida System Inc.
 1984  AM International, Inc. (1982)
 1984  HRT Industries Inc.
 1984  Wickes Companies, Inc.
 1984  Wilson Foods Corp. (1983)
 1985  Dreco Energy Services Ltd.
 1985  FSC Corporation
 1985  Lionel Corp. (1982)
 1985  Nucorp Energy Inc.
 1985  Phoenix Steel Corp.
 1985  Revere Copper & Brass Inc.
 1985  Saxon Industries Inc.
 1985  Towner Petroleum Co.
 1986  Anglo Energy, Ltd. (1983)
 1986  Baldwin-United Corporation
 1986  Charter Company
 1986  Continental Airlines Corp. (1983)
 1986  Cook United Inc. (1984)
 1986  Crystal Oil Co.
 1986  Evans Products Co.
 1986  Manville Corp.
 1986  Oxoco Inc.
 1987  MGF Oil Corp.
 1987  Seatrain Lines, Inc.
 1987  Smith International Inc.
 1987  Storage Technology Corp.
 1987  Tacoma Boatbuilding Co. (1985)
 1987  Technical Equities Corp.
 1987  Towle Mfg. Co. (1986)
 1988  A. H. Robins Company, Inc.
 1988  Allis-Chalmers Corp.
 1988  Beker Industries Corp.
 1988  Buttes Gas & Oil Co.
 1988  Kaiser Steel Corp.
 1988  Michigan General Corporation (1987)
 1988  Pettibone Corporation
 1988  Texaco Inc.
 1989  American Healthcare Management, Inc.
 1989  Basix Corp.
 1989  Cardis Corp.
 1989  Coleco Industries Inc.
 1989  Global Marine Inc.
 1989  Hecks Inc.
 1989  McLean Industries Inc.
 1989  Radice Corp.
 1989  UNR Industries Inc.
 1989  Western Co. of North America
 1989  Worlds of Wonder, Inc.
 1990  Allegheny International, Inc.
 1990  Care Enterprises Inc.
 1990  Maxicare Health Plans Inc.
 1990  MiniScribe Corp.
 1990  Public Service Co of New Hampshire
 1990  REPH Acquisition Co.
 1990  Residential Resources Mortgage Investments Corp.
 1990  Resorts International Inc. (1989)
 1990  Southmark Corp.
 1990  Todd Shipyards Corp.
 1990  Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. (1985)
 1991  Amdura Corp.
 1991  American Carriers Inc.
 1991  Divi Hotels, N.V.
 1991  Doskocil Cos Inc.
 1991  General Homes Corp.
 1991  Greyhound Lines, Inc. (1990)
 1991  JPS Textile Group Inc. (1991)
 1991  Lomas Financial Corp. (1989)
 1991  Mortgage & Realty Trust (1990)
 1991  NACO Finance Corp.
 1991  Southland Corp.
 1991  Tracor Inc.
 1991  Trump Taj Mahal Funding Inc.
 1991  United Merchants & Manufacturers Inc.
 1992  Al Copeland Enterprises, Inc.
 1992  Ames Department Stores, Inc. (1990)
 1992  Appletree Markets Inc.
 1992  Carter Hawley Hale Stores Inc.
 1992  Charter Medical Corp.
 1992  Days Inns of America Inc.
 1992  Enstar Group Inc.
 1992  Fairfield Communities Inc.
 1992  Federated Department Stores, Inc.
 1992  First Executive Corp.
 1992  Forum Group Inc.
 1992  Gaylord Container Corp
 1992  General Development Corp.
 1992  Gilbert Robinson Inc.
 1992  Hadson Corp.
 1992  Harvard Industries, Inc. (1991)
 1992  Insilco Corp.
 1992  Interco Inc.
 1992  International American Homes Inc.
 1992  Jesup Group Inc.
 1992  Mayflower Group Inc. (MG Holdings, Inc.)
 1992  Memorex Telex N.V. (1992)
 1992  MMR Holding Corp.
 1992  Monarch Capital Corp.
 1992  New Century Communications Inc.
 1992  Orion Pictures Corp.
 1992  Prime Motor Inns Inc.
 1992  Revco D.S. Inc.
 1992  Rexene Corp.
 1992  Specialty Equipment Companies, Inc.
 1992  SPI Holding, Inc.
 1992  Sudbury Inc.
 1992  TGX Corp.
 1992  Trump Plaza Funding Inc.
 1992  Trumps Castle Funding Inc.
 1992  West Point-Pepperell, Inc. (West Point Acquisition Corp. only)
 1992  WTD Industries Inc.
 1993  Alexanders Inc.
 1993  AM International, Inc. (1993)
 1993  Calton Inc.
 1993  CF & I Steel Corp.
 1993  Cherokee Inc. (1993)
 1993  Circle K Corp.
 1993  Continental Airlines, Inc. (1990)
 1993  DR Holdings Inc. of Delaware
 1993  Edisto Resources Corp.
 1993  Envirodyne Industries Inc.
 1993  Great American Communications Co.
 1993  Hills Department Stores Inc.
 1993  Intermark Inc.
 1993  Kinder Care Learning Centers Inc.
 1993  Koger Properties Inc.
 1993  Ladish Co. Inc.
 1993  Leisure Technology Inc.
 1993  Live Entertainment Inc.
 1993  LTV Corp. (1986)
 1993  National Convenience Stores Inc.
 1993  National Gypsum Co.
 1993  NVR LP
 1993  Oxford Energy Co.
 1993  Petrolane Gas Service LP
 1993  Salant Corp. (1990)
 1993  Servam Corp.
 1993  Spreckels Industries Inc.
 1993  Standard Brands Paint Co.
 1993  Trans World Airlines, Inc. (1992)
 1993  U.S. Home Corp.
 1993  USG Corp. (1993)
 1993  Wang Laboratories Inc.
 1993  Zale Corp.
 1994  America West Airlines Inc.
 1994  B-E Holdings Inc.
 1994  Best Products Company, Inc. (1991)
 1994  Centennial Group Inc.
 1994  Commonwealth Equity Trust
 1994  Continental Information Systems Corp
 1994  Eastern Airlines Inc.
 1994  Emerson Radio Corp.
 1994  EUA Power Corp.
 1994  Jamesway Corporation (1993)
 1994  JWP Inc.
 1994  Kash N Karry Food Stores, Inc.
 1994  Lone Star Industries Inc.
 1994  Memorex Telex N.V. (1994)
 1994  New Valley Corp.
 1994  Resorts International Inc. (1994)
 1994  Restaurant Enterprises Group Inc.
 1994  Roses Stores Inc.
 1994  Thermadyne Holdings Corp. (1993)
 1994  Westmoreland Coal Co. (1994)
 1995  Americold Corp.
 1995  Angeles Corp.
 1995  Columbia Gas System Inc.
 1995  First City Bancorporation of Texas, Inc.
 1995  Grand Union Company (1995)
 1995  Gulf USA Corp.
 1995  Hexcel Corp.
 1995  Hillsborough Holdings Corp.
 1995  Mortgage & Realty Trust (1995)
 1995  Trans World Airlines, Inc. (1995)
 1995  UDC Homes, Inc.
 1995  Value Merchants Inc.
 1996  Anacomp, Inc.
 1996  Anchor Glass Container Corp. (1996)
 1996  Bibb Co
 1996  Eagle-Picher Industries Inc. (1991)
 1996  El Paso Electric Co.
 1996  House of Fabrics, Inc.
 1996  Ithaca Industries, Inc.
 1996  Lomas Financial Corp. (1995)
 1996  Morrison Knudsen Corp.
 1996  O Brien Environmental Energy, Inc.
 1996  Plaid Clothing Group Inc.
 1996  SpectraVision Inc.
 1997  Baldwin Builders (Baldwin Building Contractors, L.P.)
 1997  Consolidated Hydro, Inc.
 1997  County Seat, Inc.
 1997  Edison Brothers Stores, Inc. (1995)
 1997  Flagstar Companies, Inc.
 1997  Forstmann & Company, Inc.
 1997  ICH Corporation
 1997  Jayhawk Acceptance Corp.
 1997  JPS Textile Group, Inc. (1997)
 1997  Koll Real Estate Group, Inc.
 1997  Leslie Fay Companies, Inc.
 1997  McCrory Corp.
 1997  Payless Cashways, Inc. (1997)
 1997  SLM International, Inc.
 1997  Wherehouse Entertainment, Inc. (1995)
 1998  Alliance Entertainment Corp.
 1998  Bonneville Pacific Corporation
 1998  CAI Wireless Systems, Inc.
 1998  FF Holdings Corporation
 1998  Grand Union Company (1998)
 1998  Harvard Industries, Inc. (1997)
 1998  Home Holdings, Inc.
 1998  Pegasus Gold, Inc.
 1998  Promus Companies Inc. (Harrahs Jazz Co. only)
 1998  Reeves Industries Inc.
 1998  Westbridge Capital Corp.
 1999  American Rice, Inc.
 1999  APS Holding Corp.
 1999  Bradlees, Inc. (1995)
 1999  Brunos Inc.
 1999  Cityscape Financial Corp.
 1999  Dow Corning Corporation
 1999  Erly Industries Inc.
 1999  Fine Host Corporation
 1999  Golden Books Family Entertainment, Inc.
 1999  Goss Graphic Systems, Inc. (1999)
 1999  Heartland Wireless Communications, Inc.
 1999  Hvide Marine Incorporated
 1999  Mercury Finance Company
 1999  Montgomery Ward Holding Corp. (1997)
 1999  Penn Traffic Co (1999)
 1999  Philip Services Corp. (1999)
 1999  Renaissance Cosmetics, Inc.
 1999  Salant Corp. (1998)
 1999  Trism, Inc.
 1999  Wilshire Financial Services Group, Inc.
 1999  Wireless One, Inc.
 1999  Zenith Electronics Corp.
 2000  American Pad & Paper Company
 2000  Boston Chicken, Inc.
 2000  Breed Technologies, Inc.
 2000  Coho Energy, Inc. (1999)
 2000  Criimi Mae Inc.
 2000  DecisionOne Holdings Corp.
 2000  Eagle Food Centers, Inc.
 2000  Eagle Geophysical, Inc.
 2000  Forcenergy Inc
 2000  Geneva Steel Company (1999)
 2000  Kaiser Group International, Inc.
 2000  Laclede Steel Company (1998)
 2000  Levitz Furniture Incorporated
 2000  National Energy Group, Inc.
 2000  Nu-kote Holding, Inc.
 2000  Paragon Trade Brands, Inc.
 2000  Pathmark Stores, Inc.
 2000  PennCorp Financial Group, Inc.
 2000  Planet Hollywood International, Inc.
 2000  Prime Succession, Inc.
 2000  Purina Mills, Inc.
 2000  Safelite Glass Corporation
 2000  Stone & Webster, Inc.
 2000  System Software Associates, Inc.
 2000  Tokheim Corp. (2000)
 2001  ABC-NACO, Inc.
 2001  Advanced Radio Telecom Corp.
 2001  American Homestar Corp.
 2001  Applied Magnetics Corporation
 2001  Assisted Living Concepts, Inc.
 2001  Covad Communications Group, Inc.
 2001  Derby Cycle Corp
 2001  Drug Emporium, Inc.
 2001  Genesis Health Ventures, Inc.
 2001  Genicom Corporation
 2001  Grove Worldwide, LLC
 2001  Harnischfeger Industries, Inc.
 2001  Hedstrom Holdings, Inc.
 2001  Imperial Home Decor Group Inc.
 2001  Imperial Sugar Company
 2001  JCC Holding Co.
 2001  KCS Energy, Inc.
 2001  Key Plastics L.L.C.
 2001  Laroche Industries Inc.
 2001  Loewen Group, Inc.
 2001  Medical Resources, Inc.
 2001  Mediq, Inc.
 2001  MMH Holdings, Inc.
 2001  OpTel, Inc.
 2001  Orbcomm Global, LP
 2001  Paracelsus Healthcare Corp.
 2001  Pioneer Companies, Inc.
 2001  Stage Stores, Inc. (2000)
 2001  Stellex Industries, Inc. (Stellex Technologies, Inc.)
 2001  Talon Automotive Group, Inc.
 2001  Trend-Lines, Inc.
 2001  United Artists Theatre Company
 2001  Vencor, Inc.
 2001  Vista Eyecare, Inc.
 2001  Vlasic Foods International, Inc.
 2001  Washington Group International, Inc.
 2001  Winstar Communications, Inc.
 2002  American Banknote Corporation
 2002  AMF Bowling Worldwide, Inc.
 2002  Anchor Glass Container Corp. (2002)
 2002  APW Ltd.
 2002  Arch Wireless Inc.
 2002  Audio Visual Services Corp.
 2002  CareMatrix Corp.
 2002  Carmike Cinemas, Inc.
 2002  Chiquita Brands International, Inc.
 2002  Classic Communications, Inc.
 2002  Dade Behring Inc.
 2002  Fine Air Services Corp.
 2002  FLAG Telecom Holdings, Ltd
 2002  Fruit of the Loom, Ltd.
 2002  Glenoit Corp.
 2002  Global Crossing Ltd.
 2002  Globix Corp.
 2002  Goss Holdings, Inc. (2001)
 2002  Guilford Mills, Inc.
 2002  ICG Communications, Inc.
 2002  IMPSAT Fiber Networks, Inc.
 2002  International Fibercom, Inc.
 2002  Iridium LLC (six omitted)
 2002  ITC DeltaCom, Inc.
 2002  Kellstrom Industries, Inc.
 2002  Kitty Hawk, Inc.
 2002  Komag, Inc.
 2002  Lason, Inc.
 2002  Leiner Health Products, Inc. (2002)
 2002  Lodgian, Inc.
 2002  Loews Cineplex Entertainment Corp
 2002  Mariner Post-Acute Network, Inc.
 2002  McLeodUSA, Inc. (2002)
 2002  Metals USA, Inc.
 2002  Mpower Holding Corp.
 2002  NTL Communications Corp.
 2002  Oxford Automotive, Inc.
 2002  Pillowtex Corp. (2000)
 2002  Pinnacle Holdings, Inc.
 2002  Polaroid Corp
 2002  Republic Technologies International Holdings, LLC (2001)
 2002  Sterling Chemicals Holdings, Inc.
 2002  Stockwalk Group, Inc.
 2002  Sun HealthCare Group, Inc.
 2002  Sunbeam Corporation
 2002  Sunterra Corp.
 2002  Teligent Inc
 2002  USInterNetworking, Inc.
 2002  Viatel Inc.
 2002  Waste Systems International, Inc.
 2002  WebLink Wireless, Inc.
 2002  Williams Communications Group, Inc.
 2002  WKI Holding Company, Inc.
 2002  Worldtex, Inc.
 2002  XO Communications, Inc.
 2002  York Research Corporation (2002)
 2003  Acterna Corp.
 2003  Adelphia Business Solutions, Inc.
 2003  Alterra HealthCare Corp
 2003  ANC Rental Corp.
 2003  Atchison Casting Corp.
 2003  Atlantic Express Transportation Corp.
 2003  Chart Industries Inc.
 2003  Clark Material Handling Company
 2003  Conseco, Inc.
 2003  CTC Communications Group, Inc.
 2003  DDI Corp.
 2003  divine, inc.
 2003  DTI Holdings, Inc.
 2003  Encompass Services Corporation
 2003  EOTT Energy Partners, L.P.
 2003  Focal Communications Corporation
 2003  Fountain View Inc.
 2003  GenTek, Inc.
 2003  Globalstar LP
 2003  Graham-Field Health Products, Inc.
 2003  Hayes Lemmerz International, Inc. (2001)
 2003  Kmart Corp.
 2003  Leap Wireless International Inc.
 2003  LTV Corp. (2000)
 2003  Magellan Health Services Inc.
 2003  Metromedia Fiber Network, Inc.
 2003  Mobile Energy Services Holdings, Inc.
 2003  NationsRent, Inc.
 2003  Neenah Foundry Company (2003)
 2003  NRG Energy, Inc. (2003)
 2003  NTELOS, Inc.
 2003  Orbital Imaging Corp.
 2003  Orius Corp.
 2003  Outsourcing Solutions Inc.
 2003  Pacific Gas & Electric Co. (2001)
 2003  Peregrine Systems, Inc.
 2003  Philip Services Corp. (2003)
 2003  Polymer Group, Inc.
 2003  Redback Networks Inc.
 2003  Republic Engineered Products Holdings, LLC (2003)
 2003  Rouge Industries, Inc.
 2003  SLI, Inc.
 2003  Special Metals Corp.
 2003  SpectraSite Holdings, Inc.
 2003  Superior Telecom, Inc.
 2003  Thermadyne Holdings Corp. (2001)
 2003  Tokheim Corporation (2002)
 2003  Union Acceptance Corporation
 2003  US Airways Group, Inc. (2002)
 2003  ViaSystems Group Inc.
 2003  Warnaco Group Inc.
 2003  Wheeling Pittsburgh Corp. (2000)
 2003  Worldcom, Inc.
 2004  Advanced GlassFiber Yarns LLC
 2004  Amerco
 2004  American Commercial Lines LLC
 2004  American Plumbing & Mechanical Inc.
 2004  Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings Inc.
 2004  Bush Industries, Inc.
 2004  Choice One Communications, Inc.
 2004  Cone Mills Corp
 2004  Coram Healthcare Corp.
 2004  Cornerstone Propane Partners, L.P.
 2004  Covanta Energy Corp.
 2004  Enron Corp.
 2004  Exide Technologies (2002)
 2004  Fleming Companies, Inc.
 2004  Formica Corp.
 2004  Galey & Lord, Inc. (2002)
 2004  Geo Specialty Chemicals Inc.
 2004  Ha-Lo Industries
 2004  High Voltage Engineering Corporation (2004)
 2004  Horizon PCS Inc.
 2004  International Wire Group Inc.
 2004  iPCS, Inc.
 2004  MTS, Incorporated
 2004  National Equipment Services Inc.
 2004  NorthWestern Corporation
 2004  Oglebay Norton Company
 2004  RCN Corporation
 2004  Seitel Inc.
 2004  Startec Global Communications Corporation
 2004  Texas Petrochemical Holdings, Inc.
 2004  UPC Polska, Inc.
 2004  Weirton Steel Corp.
 2005  Amcast Industrial Corporation (2004)
 2005  Applied Extrusion Technologies, Inc.
 2005  Avado Brands Inc.
 2005  Dan River Inc.
 2005  Falcon Products, Inc.
 2005  Fibermark Inc.
 2005  Friedman's Inc.
 2005  Hawaiian Airlines Inc.
 2005  Heilig-Meyers Company
 2005  Huffy Corp.
 2005  Intermet Corp.
 2005  IWO Holdings, Inc.
 2005  Loral Space & Communications Ltd.
 2005  McLeodUSA Incorporated (2005)
 2005  Mirant Corp.
 2005  New World Pasta Co.
 2005  Penn Traffic Co (2003)
 2005  Reliance Group Holdings, Inc.
 2005  Spiegel Inc.
 2005  Trico Marine Services, Inc. (2004)
 2005  Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts Inc. (2004)
 2005  Ultimate Electronics, Inc.
 2005  Venture Holdings Co LLC
 2005  WestPoint Stevens Inc. (2003)
 2005  WHX Corporation
 2006  aaiPharma Inc.
 2006  Anchor Glass Container Corporation (2005)
 2006  Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
 2006  ATA Holdings Corp.
 2006  Eagle Picher Holdings, Inc. (2005)
 2006  Footstar Inc.
 2006  Integrated Electrical Services, Inc.
 2006  Kaiser Aluminum Corp.
 2006  Oneida Ltd.
 2006  Owens Corning
 2006  Pliant Corporation (2006)
 2006  Silicon Graphics, Inc. (2006)
 2006  UAL Corporation
 2006  USG Corp. (2001)
 2006  WCI Steel Inc.
 2006  Winn-Dixie Stores, Inc.
 2007  Allied Holdings, Inc.
 2007  Bally Total Fitness Holding Corporation (2007)
 2007  Calpine Corp.
 2007  Dana Corporation
 2007  Delta Air Lines, Inc.
 2007  Entergy New Orleans, Inc.
 2007  Federal-Mogul Corporation
 2007  Foamex International, Inc. (2005)
 2007  Global Power Equipment Group Inc.
 2007  Granite Broadcasting Corporation
 2007  InPhonic, Inc.
 2007  InSight Health Services Holdings Corp
 2007  Northwest Airlines Corporation
 2007  OCA, Inc.
 2007  Premier Entertainment Biloxi LLC
 2007  Remy International, Inc.
 2007  Solutia, Inc.
 2007  Tower Automotive, Inc.
 2007  Tweeter Home Entertainment Group, Inc.
 2007  Werner Holding Co. (PA), Inc.
 2008  Delphi Corporation
 2008  Dura Automotive Systems, Inc.
 2008  Hancock Fabrics, Inc.
 2008  Hines Horticulture, Inc.
 2008  Interstate Bakeries Corporation
 2008  Movie Gallery, Inc. (2007)
 2008  Pierre Foods, Inc.
 2008  Sea Containers Ltd.
 2008  Sirva, Inc.
 2008  Vertis, Inc. (2008)
 2008  Ziff Davis Holdings Inc.
 2009  Apex Silver Mines Limited
 2009  Bally Total Fitness Holding Corporation (2008)
 2009  Buffets Holdings, Inc.
 2009  Building Materials Holding Corporation
 2009  Capmark Financial Group Inc.
 2009  Caraustar Industries, Inc.
 2009  Charter Communications, Inc.
 2009  Chesapeake Corporation
 2009  CIB Marine Bancshares, Inc.
 2009  CIT Group Inc.
 2009  Constar International Inc. (2008)
 2009  Dayton Superior Corporation
 2009  Eddie Bauer Holdings, Inc.
 2009  Energy Partners, Ltd.
 2009  Foamex International, Inc. (2009)
 2009  General Motors Corporation
 2009  Hartmarx Corporation
 2009  Hawaiian Telcom Communications, Inc.
 2009  Hayes Lemmerz International, Inc. (2009)
 2009  Idearc Inc.
 2009  ION Media Networks, Inc.
 2009  Journal Register Company
 2009  Lazy Days R.V. Center, Inc.
 2009  Lear Corporation
 2009  Lenox Group, Inc.
 2009  Luminent Mortgage Capital, Inc.
 2009  MagnaChip Semiconductor LLC
 2009  Merisant Worldwide, Inc.
 2009  Milacron Inc.
 2009  Monaco Coach Corporation
 2009  NTK Holdings, Inc.
 2009  Panolam Industries International, Inc.
 2009  Pilgrims Pride Corporation
 2009  Primus Telecommunications Group, Inc.
 2009  Propex, Inc.
 2009  Silicon Graphics, Inc. (2009)
 2009  Source Interlink Companies, Inc.
 2009  Spectrum Brands, Inc.
 2009  Sun-Times Media Group, Inc.
 2009  ViCorp Restaurants, Inc.
 2009  WCI Communities, Inc.
 2009  Wellman, Inc.
 2010  AbitibiBowater Inc.
 2010  Accuride Corporation
 2010  Aleris International, Inc.
 2010  American Media Operations, Inc.
 2010  American Mortgage Acceptance Company
 2010  Aventine Renewable Energy Holdings, Inc.
 2010  Champion Enterprises, Inc.
 2010  Chemtura Corporation
 2010  Citadel Broadcasting Corporation
 2010  Cooper-Standard Holdings, Inc.
 2010  Fremont General Corporation
 2010  General Growth Properties, Inc.
 2010  GSI Group, Inc.
 2010  Herbst Gaming, Inc.
 2010  Lyondell Chemical Company
 2010  Magna Entertainment Corp.
 2010  MediaNews Group, Inc. (Affiliated Media, Inc. only)
 2010  Muzak Holdings LLC
 2010  Neenah Enterprises, Inc. (2010)
 2010  Neff Corp.
 2010  Newark Group, Inc.
 2010  Orleans Homebuilders, Inc.
 2010  R.H. Donnelley Corporation
 2010  RathGibson, Inc.
 2010  Readers Digest Association, Inc.
 2010  Simmons Company
 2010  Six Flags, Inc.
 2010  Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation
 2010  Spansion Inc.
 2010  Station Casinos, Inc.
 2010  Tarragon Corporation
 2010  Tronox Incorporated
 2010  Trump Entertainment Resorts, Inc. (2009)
 2010  U.S. Concrete, Inc.
 2010  Vertis, Inc. (2010)
 2010  Visteon Corporation
 2010  WorldSpace, Inc.
 2010  Xerium Technologies, Inc.
 2010  Young Broadcasting, Inc.
 2011  Blockbuster Inc.
 2011  California Coastal Communities, Inc.
 2011  Constar International Inc. (2011)
 2011  FairPoint Communications, Inc.
 2011  Jackson Hewitt Tax Service Inc.
 2011  Local Insight Regatta Holdings, Inc.
 2011  Majestic Star Casino, LLC
 2011  Meruelo Maddux Properties, Inc.
 2011  Mesa Air Group, Inc.
 2011  Palm Harbor Homes, Inc.
 2011  Perkins & Marie Callenders Inc.
 2011  RHI Entertainment, Inc.
 2011  Sbarro, Inc.
 2012  A123 Systems, Inc.
 2012  Ambac Financial Group, Inc.
 2012  Broadview Networks Holdings, Inc.
 2012  Circus and Eldorado Joint Venture
 2012  Delta Petroleum Corporation
 2012  Dynegy Holdings, LLC
 2012  Ener1, Inc.
 2012  FirstFed Financial Corp.
 2012  General Maritime Corporation
 2012  Global Aviation Holdings Inc. (2012)
 2012  Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, Inc.
 2012  Lee Enterprises, Incorporated
 2012  Nebraska Book Company, Inc.
 2012  NewPage Corporation
 2012  Real Mex Restaurants, Inc.
 2012  Reddy Ice Holdings, Inc.
 2012  TBS International plc
 2012  TerreStar Corporation (2011)
 2012  Tribune Company
 2012  W.R. Grace & Company
 2012  William Lyon Homes
 2013  Ahern Rentals, Inc.
 2013  Anchor BanCorp Wisconsin Inc.
 2013  Central European Distribution Corporation
 2013  Conexant Systems, Inc.
 2013  Dex One Corporation (2013)
 2013  Eastman Kodak Company
 2013  FriendFinder Networks Inc.
 2013  GateHouse Media, Inc.
 2013  Geokinetics Inc.
 2013  Hawker Beechcraft Acquisition Company, LLC
 2013  KIT digital, Inc.
 2013  LifeCare Holdings, Inc.
 2013  LodgeNet Interactive Corporation
 2013  Orchard Supply Hardware Stores Corporation
 2013  Patriot Coal Corporation (2012)
 2013  Penson Worldwide, Inc.
 2013  Pinnacle Airlines Corp.
 2013  PMI Group, Inc.
 2013  RDA Holding Co. (2013)
 2013  Revel AC, Inc. (2013)
 2013  Rotech Healthcare Inc.
 2013  School Specialty, Inc.
 2014  Dolan Company
 2014  Eagle Bulk Shipping Inc.
 2014  Genco Shipping & Trading Limited
 2014  GMX Resources Inc.
 2014  MModal Inc.
 2014  Momentive Performance Materials Inc.
 2014  Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc.
 2014  USEC Inc.
 2015  Allied Nevada Gold Corp.
 2015  Exide Technologies (2013)
 2015  Global Geophysical Services, Inc.
 2015  Hercules Offshore, Inc.
 2015  Milagro Oil & Gas, Inc.
 2015  NII Holdings, Inc. (2014)
 2015  Standard Register Company
 2015  Trump Entertainment Resorts, Inc. (2014)
 2016  Alpha Natural Resources, Inc.
 2016  American Apparel, Inc. (2015)
 2016  Arch Coal, Inc.
 2016  Aspect Software Parent Inc.
 2016  Atlas Resource Partners, L.P.
 2016  Basic Energy Services, Inc.
 2016  C&J Energy Services Ltd.
 2016  Dex Media, Inc. (2016)
 2016  Emerald Oil, Inc.
 2016  Energy XXI Ltd
 2016  Fairway Group Holdings Corp.
 2016  GT Advanced Technologies Inc.
 2016  Halcon Resources Corporation
 2016  Horsehead Holding Corp.
 2016  Key Energy Services, Inc.
 2016  LRI Holdings, Inc.
 2016  Magnum Hunter Resources Corporation
 2016  Midstates Petroleum Company, Inc.
 2016  Miller Energy Resources, Inc.
 2016  Molycorp, Inc.
 2016  Penn Virginia Corporation
 2016  Quiksilver, Inc.
 2016  RCS Capital Corporation
 2016  Sabine Oil & Gas Corporation
 2016  SandRidge Energy, Inc.
 2016  Seventy Seven Energy Inc.
 2016  SFX Entertainment, Inc.
 2016  Swift Energy Company
 2016  Venoco, Inc. (Denver Parent Corp.)
 2016  Verso Corporation
 2017  A. M. Castle & Co.
 2017  Adeptus Health Inc.
 2017  Avaya Inc.
 2017  Bonanza Creek Energy, Inc.
 2017  Caesars Entertainment Operating Company, Inc.
 2017  Chaparral Energy, Inc. (2016)
 2017  CHC Group Ltd.
 2017  Erickson Incorporated
 2017  Forbes Energy Services Ltd.
 2017  GenOn Energy, Inc.
 2017  GulfMark Offshore, Inc.
 2017  Gymboree Corporation (2017)
 2017  Illinois Power Generating Company
 2017  International Shipholding Corporation
 2017  Linn Energy, LLC
 2017  Memorial Production Partners LP
 2017  Nuverra Environmental Solutions, Inc.
 2017  Paragon Offshore plc
 2017  Peabody Energy Corporation
 2017  Perfumania Holdings, Inc.
 2017  Republic Airways Holdings Inc.
 2017  Samson Resources Corporation
 2017  Stone Energy Corporation
 2017  Tidewater Inc.
 2017  Triangle Petroleum Corp. (Triangle USA Petroleum Corp. only)
 2017  Ultra Petroleum Corp. (2016)
 2017  Vanguard Natural Resources, LLC
 2018  21st Century Oncology Holdings, Inc.
 2018  Breitburn Energy Partners LP
 2018  Cenveo, Inc.
 2018  Claires Stores, Inc.
 2018  Cumulus Media Inc.
 2018  Energy Future Holdings Corp.
 2018  EV Energy Partners, L.P.
 2018  Gastar Exploration Inc.
 2018  Global Brokerage, Inc.
 2018  J.G. Wentworth Company
 2018  Mattress Firm Holding Corp.
 2018  Paperweight Development Corp.
 2018  Patriot National, Inc.
 2018  Real Industry, Inc.
 2018  Tops Holding II Corporation
 2018  Triad Guaranty Inc.
 2018  Walter Investment Management Corp.
 2019  Bristow Group Inc.
 2019  Emergent Capital, Inc. (White Eagle Asset Portfolio, LP only)
 2019  EXCO Resources, Inc.
 2019  FirstEnergy Solutions Corp.
 2019  Halcon Resources Corporation (2019)
 2019  Hexion Inc.
 2019  iHeartMedia, Inc.
 2019  Jones Energy, Inc.
 2019  Legacy Reserves Inc.
 2019  Monitronics International, Inc.
 2019  Parker Drilling Company
 2019  PHI, Inc.
 2019  Weatherford International plc
 2019  Westmoreland Coal Company (2018)
 2020  AAC Holdings, Inc.
 2020  Akorn, Inc.
 2020  Ascena Retail Group, Inc.
 2020  Briggs & Stratton Corporation
 2020  California Resources Corporation
 2020  CARBO Ceramics, Inc.
 2020  CEC Entertainment, Inc.
 2020  Centric Brands Inc.
 2020  Chaparral Energy, Inc. (2020)
 2020  Covia Holdings Corporation
 2020  Denbury Resources Inc.
 2020  EP Energy Corporation (EP Energy LLC)
 2020  Extraction Oil & Gas, Inc.
 2020  Foresight Energy LP
 2020  Frontier Communications Corporation
 2020  FTS International, Inc.
 2020  Global Eagle Entertainment Inc.
 2020  GNC Holdings, Inc.
 2020  Hi-Crush Inc.
 2020  Hornbeck Offshore Services, Inc.
 2020  Internap Corporation
 2020  J. C. Penney Company, Inc.
 2020  J. Crew Group, Inc.
 2020  Jason Industries, Inc.
 2020  Libbey Inc.
 2020  Lonestar Resources US Inc.
 2020  LSC Communications, Inc.
 2020  McClatchy Company
 2020  McDermott International, Inc.
 2020  Melinta Therapeutics, Inc.
 2020  Neiman Marcus Group LTD LLC
 2020  Noble Corporation plc
 2020  Oasis Petroleum Inc.
 2020  Pacific Drilling S.A. (2020)
 2020  Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust
 2020  PG&E Corp. (Pacific Gas and Electric Co.) (2019)
 2020  Pioneer Energy Services Corp.
 2020  Pyxus International, Inc.
 2020  Quorum Health Corporation
 2020  Rosehill Resources Inc.
 2020  Sanchez Energy Corporation
 2020  Southcross Energy Partners, L.P.
 2020  Tailored Brands, Inc.
 2020  Tuesday Morning Corporation
 2020  Ultra Petroleum Corp. (2020)
 2020  Unit Corporation
 2020  Whiting Petroleum Corporation
 2020  Windstream Holdings, Inc. (Windstream Services, LLC)
 2021  Chesapeake Energy Corporation
 2021  Diamond Offshore Drilling, Inc.
 2021  Ferrellgas Partners, L.P. (Ferrellgas Partners Finance Corp.)
 2021  Garrett Motion Inc.
 2021  Sundance Energy Inc.
 2021  Superior Energy Services, Inc.
 2021  Valaris plc

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